In and out landscape design

In and out landscape design

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In and out landscape design

We visit to the unique and amazing animal shelter and to let you in to the designs that run on a serene hill in

the Catawba Mountains in North Carolina. The Macatawa Creek Animal Sanctuary specializes in exotic animals

and is a highly active rescue and educational organization. Director Kim Drake has put together a phenomenal

blog of pictures and design, a very unique place where you can get a true feel for the wildlife that calls

Catawba home.

If you have ever considered a career in landscape design and restoration, this article from the National Arbor

Society and the Ecological Restoration Network will give you a good idea of what to expect. Menurut

to their article Landscape design by the numbers, more people in the U.S. are spending more time gardening

than any other way of maintaining a lawn, and millions of Americans have become interested in backyard

landscaping.The employment outlook for landscape architects is looking positive as new skills are being

learned, and most young people are now thinking about a career in landscape architecture. Reka bentuk landskap

can include a wide variety of activities, ranging from grading roads, building play areas, adding furniture,

conversion of lawns to rain gardens, low-maintenance, site restoration and maintaining planting areas.


The Ecological Restoration Network (, founded in 1987, has worked to establish a legal, equitable and

comprehensive system to help people protect, restore and recover the health of our rivers and streams. The

Network works to restore habitat and protect water quality by protecting, restoring and promoting natural

stream ecosystems. They focus on the rivers, creeks, streams, springs and wetlands which are the most

important ecological resource for most people. The Network believes in the power of the people to protect

water and the power of the people to restore water. Their research identifies the costs and benefits of

restoration, comparing those costs to the benefit of people, fish, birds, wildlife and people.

The purpose of this study was to better understand the costs and benefits associated with various in-stream

restoration strategies. Strategies studied included: Channel changes (swale construction), diversions

(small- and large-scale structures), excavations, and diverters (fish-attracting structures). Untuk setiap

strategy, we evaluated the strategies’ effectiveness, simplicity, and expense using a modified-Society of

Natural Science (SNS) rating scale. Cost was defined as the total value of all resources consumed by a

strategy including labor, materials, and equipment used to construct and manage a strategy, as well as the

cost of the time needed to construct and manage the strategy. Effects were defined as the types of benefits a

strategy delivers including economic benefits to society, benefits to the environment, and benefits to

conservation and recreation. All costs were calculated in 2010 dollars. Effectiveness was evaluated based

on the amount of change that a strategy achieved compared to control habitats that were chosen as most

comparable to the target habitat.


Direct Cost: cost (2010 USD)

Swales: $0.35/ft

Diversions: $0.44/ft

Excavations: $2.32/ft2

Diverters: $3.01/ft2

Cost of Design: $0.41/ft2

Total cost of construction: $9.75/ft2

Total cost of construction: $6.53/m2

Diversions: $0.16/ft2

Swales: $0.14/ft2

Excavations: $0.07/ft2

Diverters: $0.15/ft2

Total cost of construction: $1.17/m2

Water Quality &, Fish Biomass

Swales: $3.18/m3

Diversions: $1.99/m3

Excavations: $5.04/m3

Diverters: $3.23/m3

Total cost of construction: $15.66/m3

Ecological Effectiveness

Swales: 100%

Diversions: 88.57%

Excavations: 63.41%

Diverters: 82.08%

Total cost of construction: 56.58%

Keberkesanan kos

Swales: 99.99%

Diversions: 93.50%

Excavations: 50.00%

Diverters: 97.42%

Total cost of construction: 29.96%

Total Cost of the Study: $10.31/m3


The Network’s web site has many resources and links to sites with information on restoration and information on

landscaping to help everyone better understand the issues and the benefits. They are passionate about the

impact of environmental restoration on the health of our rivers and the nation’s children. They have also been

attempting to develop a consensus on site-specific strategies and the efficacy of their implementation. The

Network’s methodology for site-specific strategies included a series of pre-construction visits to identify

site-specific needs, requirements, feasibility, sustainability and cost.Rangkaian membandingkan hasilnya dengan

penyelidikan yang diterbitkan menggunakan skala penarafan Masyarakat Sains Semula Jadi (SNS) yang diubah suai yang merangkumi kriteria

termasuk kos, kerumitan, keberkesanan, keberkesanan pada semua peringkat tadahan air, proses perancangan,

peluang untuk komuniti mempengaruhi pemulihan, peluang untuk kanak-kanak mengambil bahagian

pemulihan, peluang untuk pemuliharaan, peluang untuk rekreasi, faedah ekologi, dan keupayaan untuk


Kerja ERN disokong oleh The Nature Conservancy, Khidmat Perluasan Koperasi

Universiti Minnesota, dan kumpulan dan institusi penderma lain, serta lebih daripada 500 ahli individu

dan penyokong. Mereka juga mempunyai penaja dan penajaan dengan organisasi seperti Society of American