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Peraturan asas reka bentuk landskap

Peraturan asas reka bentuk landskap



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Reka bentuk landskap estetik menggabungkan lima elemen utama: garisan, bentuk, tekstur, warna dan skala. Keseimbangan sempurna ciri reka bentuk ini menarik perhatian dan membawa keharmonian pada ruang. Dalam landskap, garisan boleh digunakan untuk mengawal pergerakan, seperti laluan pejalan kaki, laluan atau katil bunga. Mereka juga boleh menyerlahkan ciri reka bentuk seperti kolam, kolam atau lubang api. Garisan menambah minat visual kerana ia boleh mengambil pelbagai bentuk — lurus, melengkung, mendatar, pepenjuru.

Kandungan:
  • 12 Prinsip Reka Bentuk Taman
  • Prinsip Reka Bentuk Landskap untuk Taman Kediaman
  • Rumput & Taman
  • 10 peraturan mudah untuk reka bentuk landskap rumah yang lebih baik
  • Pandangan Pantas pada Prinsip Asas Reka Bentuk Landskap
  • Prinsip Reka Bentuk Landskap Mampan
  • Panduan Projek: Landskap Halaman Depan
  • Asas Landskap: Teori Warna
  • Garis panduan untuk reka bentuk landskap
TONTON VIDEO BERKAITAN: Elemen dan Prinsip Reka Bentuk Landskap

12 Prinsip Reka Bentuk Taman

Semuanya telah terbukti tidak ternilai kepada saya selama bertahun-tahun saya membuat taman. Diaplikasikan oleh mana-mana tukang kebun, amatur atau profesional, mereka akan menghasilkan reka bentuk yang lebih berjaya dan memuaskan. Surat berita percuma dengan petua reka bentuk taman setiap Khamis! Mungkin berasal daripada kajian psikologi tingkah laku, peraturan ini datang kepada saya daripada seorang profesor di sekolah siswazah, dan ia adalah salah satu perkara terbaik yang saya pelajari. Baru semalam, semasa saya memulakan reka bentuk patio yang ingin saya asingkan daripada kawasan permainan bersebelahan, ia memberi saya panduan segera tentang ketinggian lindung nilai yang saya perlukan: kawasan itu selebar 17 kaki, jadi lindung nilai saya sepatutnya sekurang-kurangnya 6 kaki.

Sudah tentu, ada kalanya titik reka bentuk landskap adalah deria skala atau pandangan yang monumental, tetapi taman yang terbaik, tidak kira saiznya, memodulasi perasaan kepungan dan keterbukaan, dan peraturan ini akan membantu. Mengenai projek di Pacific Palisades, CA ini, barisan ficus yang sedia ada dan terlalu besar telah dikurangkan separuh kerana mengetahui ia masih akan menutup teres itu dengan secukupnya.

Ilustrasi oleh David Despau. Sebagai contoh, dalam meletakkan satu halaman belakang, saya menayangkan garisan tambahan bangunannya ke dalam ruang taman dan kemudian menyelaraskan kolam renang dan laluan kayu dengan garisan tersebut.

Hasilnya teratur dan padu, walaupun setelah dilembutkan dengan penanaman. Decking pada projek berbeza di Pacific Palisades, CA, mencipta garisan pengawal selia yang selari dengan satah yang dicipta oleh dinding kelabu rumah di bahagian atas sebelah kanan imej. Satu lagi garis kawal selia dicipta oleh tepi kolam yang berjalan selari dengan tingkap kaca di rumah.

Garisan ini bersilang di pangkal pokok. Le Corbusier menyentuh dua aspek itu agak paradoks, mungkin itu menjadikan garis kawal selia begitu berharga.

Peraturan tertentu membantu kami memperhalusi reka bentuk. Secara berangka, nisbah Golden Rectangle adalah hampir 1: 1. Katil yang dibangkitkan di kebun sayur saya ialah 5 kali 8 kaki. Penanam yang dibesarkan di taman saya mengikuti Golden Rectangle. Perhatikan juga, kandang penting yang disediakan oleh lindung nilai Eugenia. Gereja, sering dikreditkan dengan mencipta gaya California.

Dibentangkan dalam karya seminalnya Gardens Are for People , ia hanya mengatakan bahawa dua kali ketinggian riser ditambah bunga harus sama dengan 26 inci.

Ini bermakna jika riser adalah 5 inci, tapak yang anda jalani hendaklah 16 inci. Konsekuensi yang berguna menyatakan bahawa 5 kaki ialah lebar minimum untuk dua orang memanjat langkah sebelah menyebelah. Peraturan terakhir yang berkaitan dengan skala dan ukiran ruang adalah ini: Pergi besar. Menghadapi keputusan untuk membuat tangga lebih lebar atau lebih sempit, kolam lebih panjang atau lebih pendek, pergola lebih tinggi atau lebih rendah, jawapannya hampir selalu yang pertama. Pada sepuluh kaki, arbor di taman saya ini membolehkan dedaunan tergantung dan di sekelilingnya untuk menjalin dan menyambungkan arbor ke ruang tanpa melanggar deria ruang.

Namun, penanaman yang berjaya adalah sentuhan puncak taman. Tiga peraturan sentiasa memberi saya manfaat. Telapak tangan besar di projek Mediterranean ini sudah pun berada di atas harta itu; pokok lada mengikut. Kemudian pagar dan pokok anggur dipasang. Selepas semua ini barulah saka dan bekas ditanam. Pertama, adalah untuk menanam besar kepada kecil: bermula dengan pokok, kemudian pokok renek, kemudian saka, kemudian penutup tanah.

Ini penting bukan sahaja dalam cara komposisi melihat bentuk yang lebih besar terlebih dahulu memberikan gambaran yang lebih baik tentang struktur keseluruhan, tetapi dalam erti kata yang praktikal sepenuhnya. Menetapkan pokok besar mungkin memerlukan jentera atau sekurang-kurangnya beberapa tukang kebun dan ruang yang cukup untuk menggerakkan dan menempatkan pindaan dan tanah; ia akan menjadi sedih untuk merosakkan atau membatalkan beberapa katil yang baru ditanam.

Ini nampaknya begitu jelas, tetapi bagi kebanyakan tukang kebun, penulis menyertakan satu blok perennials segar mungkin mustahil untuk mengelakkan penanaman dengan segera. Tabahkan diri; tahan godaan.Imagine the Parthenon with each column a different kind of marble! Using drifts on both sides of the walk reinforces a sense of mass planting.

It was a liberating moment. Imparted by Ralph Snodsmith, my first official gardening teacher at the New York Botanical Garden and talk radio host a character whose working uniform was always a forest green three-piece suit , there is no greater planting wisdom.

No matter how brilliant a plan one conceives, if the plants are not well planted—at the right height, in a sufficiently sized, and properly amended pit—the results will likely be poor. This plant had been banging around in the back of my truck for weeks so I asked the client if they wanted it. With a well-dug and amended hole, it flourished. And the range of prescriptions about how it should be done—from conventional wisdom such as planting tall plants in the back of the border and short ones in front, to the ironclad strictures of codes, covenants, and restrictions—will stir the rebel impulse in any creative soul.

Faced with a building code that dictates a inch limit on planting, I will make it a point of honor to go higher. I am all for a healthy anarchistic impulse in the garden. But I am also formally trained, the product of a prestigious East Coast graduate landscape architecture program—deemed ready to design gardens when I moved west to Los Angeles to begin my career.

In fact, as I see it now, I knew only a few things then, and those in a largely theoretical way. Everything was different: plants, climate, construction technologies—everything. It was some years later—working first in a large office, then in a wonderful nursery where I got an intensive course in appropriate planting for Southern California—that I migrated towards residential garden design.

There, personal involvement seemed the highest, and the experience of landscape the most intimate—just the thing that had drawn me to the field in the first place. Read about five more landscape design rules on LandscapingNetwork. Get expert advice for creating the garden of your dreams when you sign up for our newsletter. Sign up now and get the guide! This article, adapted for the web, originally appeared in the Early Spring issue of Garden Design Magazine under the title "Rules of the Game.

Get plant information, gardening solutions, design inspiration and more in our weekly newsletter. More about the newsletter. CopyrightAll Rights Reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Subscribe No Thanks. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web.

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Landscape Design Principles for Residential Gardens

Whether your yard just needs new plantings or a complete refresh, it can be challenging to know where to start. Here's how to get your project off to a super start. If you've never tried your hand at designing a landscape before, you might find all the choices you can make a bit overwhelming. Which plants do you want to include, and where should they go? Should bed lines and paths curve or run in a straight line?

By planning what colors to plant, the landscape architect or important to apply the same color scheme rules described above (Figure 15).

Lawn & Garden

What follows is a simplified, lay-person version of basic concepts for good landscape design, which leads to gardens that are pleasant, comfortable and happy places to be. And, yet, each garden had a completely different appearance and feel - a unique touch that expressed something about each gardener's personality and preferences. Landscape design should reflect what is important to you, not what a rule imposes on you. Elements to consider when you plan your garden: order, line, repetition, balance, texture, color, motion, scent, and sound. Order, line, repetition and balance draw us into the garden, giving an overall impression of calm and peace. Plants of similar size or shape or location create a sense of completeness. Multiples of color or shape appeal to our sense of form and make a bigger statement than one plant by itself. A garden stimulates the five senses. Plants that are fuzzy, smooth, soft or prickly offer variety to our sense of touch.

10 easy rules to a better home landscape design

But tying into your house does not mean matching it exactly. The result is an outdoor living space that still feels like your living space — not a completely different home. When you see your conceptual design, look for the ways it echoes your existing home. While there may not be a lot of walls like in your home, your landscape should still have separate spaces within it.

You can't ignore it!

A Quick Look at Basic Landscape Design Principles

Are you designing your first garden? Or rehabbing an outdoor space you inherited when you bought a house? Good for you. Gardens make our lives better: they improve air quality, invite us into the sun and shade, shelter us from wind and rain, and soothe us with visually relaxing natural tones of green and brown. But when you are designing a landscape, where do you start? We rounded up suggestions from landscape architects and designers, as well as a few based on our own experience.

Principles of a Sustainable Landscape Design

It includes hard landscaping paving, furniture, fences, walls, pools, etc. It is an integral part of any residential development design. The landscape design of any apartment development should relate to existing natural and cultural features. The long-term management and maintenance of any landscape works must be considered at the design stage. A landscape management plan is a useful tool to ensure the long term success of the open spaces and developers should consider preparing a plan. The manual provides professional advice, step-by-step best practice processes and detailed design guidance.

Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-use PlanningBasic. Elements of Landscape Architectural DesignRetail Garden Center ManualSome. Basic.

Project Guide: Front Yard Landscaping

It can often be difficult to achieve this with boundary fence height constraints at 1. This might be a beautiful tree, a view, swimming pool, patio or outdoor deck, archway, pergola or sliding patio doors that open out into the garden. The golden ratio is an equation of proportion to create a space that feels balanced. The ratio is pretty much 1: 1.

Landscape Basics: Color Theory

RELATED VIDEO: 7 Principles Of Landscape Design

There are many principles that can and should be applied to designing a landscape. The particular space being designed, budget, site conditions, and client wishes all determine exactly how these principles will be used. Of course there are always exceptions to these rules, but it is important to consider these guidelines when evaluating a landscape design. Themes can be thought of in two different ways — style and plant selection. A few examples of style are modern, cottage garden, rustic, formal, or natural. On the same token, plant selection also needs to be cohesive.

When woven into the plan of the garden, they are unifying components that magically transform the space into a place of enchantment and beauty.

Guidelines for landscape design

Are you looking for the 8 basic principles of landscape design? Understanding these landscape design principles will increase your creativity while at the same time help you generate new ideas. A great landscape design lies in the eyes of the artist, and these 8 basic principles of landscape design will not only boost your creativity, but also ensure that the elements in your design have balance and harmony. Unity in landscaping is the repetition and consistency of a design. Repetition is used to bring about unity in your design by repeating like elements which include plants and decor in the landscape. Consistency is used to create unity by fitting different elements of a landscape together to create a common unit or theme.

Garden design is one of the best aspects you need to learn if you live in a classic home with a large structure. Whether amateur or professional, any gardener would recommend a set of principles. These principles are for the construction of a garden in a home.


Tonton video: REKA BENTUK LANDSKAP TINGKATAN 4 TAJUK 5 KSSMPSV (Ogos 2022).